Church History

 

 

“Now these things happened to them as an example, but they were written down for our instruction, on whom the end of the ages has come.”

(1 Corinthians 10:11)

Lesson Sermon Audio PowerPoint PDF Links/Handouts
01 - (06-24-2018)
  • Intro - Why Study Church History?
  • Some Other Things You Should Know Before We Begin

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The Early Church
02 - (07-01-2018)
  • Where Do We Begin?
  • Christian Faith Grounded in History
  • Palestine - Birthplace of the Christian Church
  • Judaism in Palestine

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03 - (07-08-2018)
  • Diaspora Judaism
  • The Greco-Roman World
  • Pliny the Younger Writing to the Emperor Trajan

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04 - (07-15-2018)
  • The Roman Empire
  • Early Roman Political History
  • The Roman Economy
  • Roman Intellectual Culture

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05 - (07-22-2018)
  • Roman Traditional Pagan Religion
  • Roman Emperor Worship
  • The Eastern Mystery Cults
  • Philosophy in the Roman Empire (Introduction)

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06 - (07-29-2018)
  • Philosophy in the Roman Empire
    • Platonism
    • Epicureanism
    • Stoicism
    • Cynicism
  • From Jerusalem to the Ends of the Earth (Intro)

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07 - (08-05-2018)
  • From Jerusalem to the Ends of the Earth

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08 - (08-19-2018)
  • The Apostle Paul
  • The Decline of Judaism

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09 - (08-26-2018)
  • The Apostles: Facts and Legends

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10 - (09-02-2018)
  • First Conflicts With the State
  • Persecution Under Nero

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11 - (09-09-2018)
  • Reasons for Christian Persecution

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12 - (09-16-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers
    • Clement of Rome’s Letter to the Corinthians
      • Overview of the Purpose and Content of the Letter

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1 Clement
13 - (09-23-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • Clement of Rome’s Letter to the Corinthians (continued)
      • Some Excerpts from the Letter
      • 1 Clement is Steeped in Both OT and NT Scripture
      • 1 Clement Shows Rome Had a Sound Ecclesiology
      • 1 Clement Shows Rome Had a Sound Theology

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14 - (09-30-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • The Didache

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15 - (10-07-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • The Didache - Part 2

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16 - (10-14-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • The Letter to Diognetus

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17 - (10-21-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • The Letter of Barnabas

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*Note - Due to a technical glitch, this week's recording stopped 10 minutes prior to the completion of the lesson. Remaining information can be found on the PowerPoint Presentation.
18 - (11-04-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • Ignatius of Antioch

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19 - (11-11-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • Polycarp

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20 - (11-18-2018)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (continued)
    • Review of Previously Covered Apostolic Fathers
    • Papias
    • Shepherd of Hermas
  • Worship in the Early Church

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21 - (11-25-2018)
  • Worship in the Early Church (continued)
    • Description of a Typical Early Church Worship Service
    • Some Surprising Things About Worship in the Early Church
    • The Use of Liturgy in the Early Church
    • Early Church Annual Calendar
    • The Agape (Love) Feast

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22 - (12-02-2018)
  • Gnosticism

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23 - (12-16-2018)
  • Marcion
  • The Gnostic Gospels

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24 - (12-23-2018)
  • The Origins of Christmas
  • The Origin of the Christmas Tree
  • The Origin Santa Clause
  • Other Christmas Symbols

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25 - (12-30-2018)
  • The Second Century Apologists
    • Introduction
    • Quadratus and Aristides

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26 - (01-06-2019)
  • The Second Century Apologists (continued)
    • Justin Martyr
    • Tratian: Justin Martyr’s Student

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27 - (01-13-2019)
  • The Second Century Apologists (continued)
    • Tertullian
      • Introduction
      • On the Relationship Between Christianity and the Roman Empire
      • Defense of Orthodoxy Against Heresy
      • On the Moral Behavior of Christians

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28 - (01-20-2019)
  • Montanism
    • Introduction
    • Prophetic Utterances
    • Ecstatic Experiences
    • Apocalyptic Fervor
    • Conclusion

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29 - (01-27-2019)
  • The Second Century Apologists (continued)
    • Melito of Sardis
      • Melito of Sardis
      • Excerpt from On Faith by Melito of Sardis
      • Excerpt from a Passover Sermon by Melito of Sardis
    • Irenaeus of Lyons
      • Irenaeus of Lyons
      • Irenaeus’ Arguments Against Gnosticism

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30 - (02-03-2019)
  • The Second Century Apologists (continued)
    • Irenaeus of Lyons (Continued)
      • Effects of Irenaeus’ Response to Gnosticism
        • The Basic Teachings of the Apostles
          • The Apostles’ Creed
        • The Churches Founded by the Apostles
        • The Inspired Writings of the Apostles
      • The Catholic Church
      • Irenaeus and the Quartodeciman Controversy

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31 - (02-10-2019)
  • A Further Look at Christian Persecution
    • A Summary of Christian Persecution AD 30 – 313
    • Martyrdom at Lyons in AD 177

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32 - (02-17-2019)
  • Response to Christian Persecution
    • Response to Persecution
    • Schism in Rome
    • Schism In North Africa
    • Some Questions to Ponder

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Tim Kinnard fills in for Bob - (02-24-2019)
  • Historical Overview of Christian Persecution
    • Map of Worldwide Persecution in 2018
    • Travel Back to 1620s with the Pilgrims in New Plymouth Colony, MA
    • Foxes Book of Martyrs
    • How a Christian should be influenced by study of the Persecuted Church
      • Brings us to terms with the realities of Christian persecution
      • Confronts us with the relevance of Protestant thinking and its foundations in the Gospel
      • Gives us a greater appreciation for, and conviction to defend, the dissemination of God’s Word.
      • Prepares us to better endure and/or respond to contemporary trials
    • Fast forward to Today

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33 - (03-03-2019)
  • The Third Century Church Fathers
    • The Church in Alexandria
      • Clement of Alexandria

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Class Survey (Handout)
34 - (03-10-2019)
  • Class Survey Results
  • The Third Century Church Fathers (Continued)
    • The Church in Alexandria (Continued)
      • Origen

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35 - (03-17-2019)
  • The Third Century Church Fathers (Continued)
    • Hippolytus of Rome
    • Cyprian of Carthage

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36 - (03-31-2019)
  • The Development of Monasticism
    • Monks Who Lived Alone as Hermits
    • Monks Who Lived in a Community of Monks
    • Asceticism and Celibacy
    • The Influence of Monasticism
    • Later Thoughts About Monasticism

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37 - (04-07-2019)
  • The Emperor Constantine
    • Was Constantine a Genuine Christian?
    • Constantine Conquers the East
    • Constantine and Sacralism

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38 - (04-14-2019)
  • The Council of Nicaea
    • Background to the Council of Nicaea
    • The Participants and Their Views
    • The Decision and the Creed

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39 - (04-21-2019)
  • The Rise of Arianism After Nicaea
  • Athanasius Against the World

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40 - (05-12-2019)
  • Arian Domination After Nicaea
  • The Cappadocian Fathers
  • The Council of Constantinople

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41 - (05-19-2019)
  • Ambrose of Milan
  • John Chrysostom

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42 - (05-26-2019)
  • Church Teaching, Organization and Worship in the Fourth Century
    • Scripture and Tradition
    • Church Organization
    • Church Worship

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43 - (06-02-2019)
  • Baptism in the Early Church
    • Description of a 4th Century Baptismal Ceremony
    • 4th Century Teaching on Baptism
  • Early Church Teaching on the Atonement

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44 - (06-09-2019)
  • Augustine
    • Augustine’s Early Years and Conversion
    • Augustine’s Theology and Historical Influence
    • Augustine and Donatism

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45 - (06-16-2019)
  • Augustine (Part 2)
    • Augustine and Pelagianism
    • Augustine and The City of God

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46 - (06-23-2019)
  • Jerome
    • Jerome’s Early Years
    • Jerome and the Latin Vulgate
    • Jerome and the OT Apocrypha
    • Jerome’s Last Days

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47 - (06-30-2019)
  • The Council of Chalcedon
    • Lead up to the Council of Chalcedon
    • The Council of Chalcedon
    • Council of Chalcedon Definition of Faith

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48 - (07-07-2019)
  • Beyond the Borders of the Empire
    • The Early History of Christianity in the East

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49 - (07-14-2019)
  • The Fall of Rome

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50 - (07-21-2019)
  • Saint Patrick
  • Columba
  • Columbanus

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The Medieval Church
51 - (07-28-2019)
  • The Early Church - Overview
    • First Century
    • Second Century
    • Third Century
    • Fourth Century
    • Fifth Century
    • Sixth Century
  • Major Periods of Church History
  • The Medieval Church
  • Brief Overview of the Middle Ages

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52 - (08-04-2019)
  • Gregory the Great
    • Gregory as Political Leader
    • Gregory as Church Leader
    • Gregory’s Theology
    • Fourth Century
    • The Influence of Gregory on Church Worship
    • Gregory’s Writings

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53 - (08-11-2019)
  • The Celtic Church and the Conversion of the English
    • The Conversion of the English
    • The Celtic Church
    • The Merging of Celts and Catholics
  • The Venerable Bede

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54 - (08-18-2019)
  • The Rise of Islam
  • The Basic Teachings of Islam

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55 - (08-25-2019)
  • Other Interesting Facts About Islam
    • The Kaaba and the Black Stone
    • The Seriousness of Committing Shirk
    • The Hadith of the Man Who Killed 99 Men
    • Meccan Surahs Versus Medinan Surahs
    • Stories of Muhammed’s Later Marriages
    • Muhammed’s Successors

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56 - (09-01-2019)
  • Islamic Conquests
  • Islamic Dissention

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57 - (09-08-2019)
  • Life for the Church Under Islamic Rule
  • Great Christian Thinkers under Islamic Rule
  • Christianity and Islam in Spain
  • Christian Attempts to Evangelize Muslims
  • Christian Apologists to Islam
  • Attitudes Towards Islam in the West

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58 - (09-22-2019)
  • Turning the Muslim's Argument Against Them

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59 - (09-29-2019)
  • The Frankish Monarchs
  • The Eighth Century English Missionaries

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60 - (10-06-2019)
  • Charlemagne
    • Charlemagne’s Military Campaigns
    • Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans
    • Charlemagne and Christian Culture

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61 - (10-13-2019)
  • Charlemagne
    • Charlemagne’s Religious Policy
    • The Collapse of the Empire
  • Invaders
    • The Norsemen are Coming!
    • The Hungarian Invasion

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62 - (10-20-2019)
  • Gottschalk of Orbais
  • Radbertus, Ratramnus, and the Communion Controversy

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63 - (10-27-2019)
  • Medieval Monasteries
  • Medieval Nunneries

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64 - (11-03-2019)
  • Corruption in the Medieval Church
  • Corruption in the Papacy
  • Attempts at Reform in the Medieval Church

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65 - (11-10-2019)
  • Pope Hildebrand (Gregory VII)
  • Pope Innocent III

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66 - (11-17-2019)
  • The Byzantine Empire
  • Worship in the Eastern Church
  • "Holy Russia" - Orthodoxy Among the Slavs

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67 - (11-24-2019)
  • The Iconoclast Controversy
  • The East West Schism of 1054
    • Rivalry Between Rome and Constantinople
    • Differences in Religious Practice
    • Theological Differences

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68 - (12-01-2019)
  • The Final Split Between East and West
  • The Crusades
    • What Were the Crusades?
    • The Causes of the Crusades

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69 - (12-08-2019)
  • The History of the Crusades
    • The First Crusade, 1096-99
    • The Second Crusade, 1147-49

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70 - (12-15-2019)
  • The History of the Crusades
    • The Third Crusade, 1096-99
    • The Fourth Crusade, 1147-49
    • The Children’s Crusade
    • Other Crusades
    • The Results of the Crusades
  • Christian Relics
    • What are Relics?
    • Relics in the Early Church
    • Biblical Passages Cited
    • Modern Examples

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71 - (12-22-2019)
  • Christmas Special
    • Christmas Music in the Early Church
    • Good King Wenceslas
    • Christmas Music in the Middle Ages
    • Wassail!

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72 - (12-29-2019)
  • The Rise of Universities
  • The Rise of Scholasticism

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73 - (01-05-2020)
  • Philosophy and the Writings of Aristotle
  • Great Scholastic Theologians
    • Anselm of Canterbury

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74 - (01-12-2020)
  • Great Scholastic Theologians (Continued)
    • Peter Abelard
    • Peter Lombard
    • Thomas Aquinas

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75 - (01-19-2020)
  • Great Scholastic Theologians (Continued)
    • Thomas Aquinas
      • Summa Theologiae
      • Theology of Thomas Aquinas
        • Proofs for the Existence of God
        • Our Knowledge of God is Through Analogy
        • Aquinas on Transubstantiation

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76 - (01-26-2020)
  • Great Scholastic Theologians (Continued)
    • John Duns Scotus
    • William of Ockham

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77 - (02-02-2020)
  • The Rise of Musical Instruments in Worship
  • The Waldensians

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78 - (02-09-2020)
  • The Albigensian Crusade
  • Saint Francis of Assisi

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79 - (02-16-2020)
  • The Inquisition
  • The Spanish Inquisition

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80 - (02-23-2020)
  • Saint Dominic and the Dominicans
  • The Carmelites and Augustinians
  • The Singing Nun

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81 - (03-01-2020)
  • Missionary Expansion
  • The Great Plague

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82 - (03-08-2020)
  • The "Babylonian Captivity" of the Papacy
  • The Western Schism

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83 - (03-15-2020)
  • The Medieval Mystics
  • Dante and the Divine Comedy

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84 - (05-10-2020)
  • The Hundred Years War
    • Joan of Arc
  • Medieval Family Life
    • Consent in Marriage
    • Influences on Marriage Practices
    • Monogamy
    • Extension of Church Control
    • Sex in Marriage
    • Childbirth and Baptism
    • Childhood Responsibilities
    • Preparation for Adulthood

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85 - (05-17-2020)
  • Major Periods of Church History
    • The Early Church
      • The Persecuted Church
      • The Imperially Sanctioned Church
    • The Medieval Church
      • The Early Middle Ages
      • The High Middle Ages
      • The Late Middle Ages
  • John Wycliffe

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86 - (05-24-2020)
  • John Huss
  • The Hussites Fight Back

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87 - (05-31-2020)
  • Events That Laid the Groundwork for the Reformation
    • The Renaissance
    • Humanism
    • Ad fontes! The Revival of Antiquity
    • The Invention of the Printing Press
    • Awareness of Manuscript Corruption
    • Questioning Textual Authenticity
    • A New Vision of Reality
    • Renaissance Geniuses

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88 - (06-07-2020)
  • Desiderius Erasmus
    • Erasmus’ Criticisms of Catholic Europe
      • Erasmus on Scholastic Theology
      • Erasmus on External Religion
      • Erasmus on the Clergy, Monks, and the Papacy
      • Excerpt from Erasmus’s Julius Excluded from Heaven
    • Erasmus’ Suggested Remedies
      • Erasmus on Moral Reform
      • Erasmus on Cultural Reform
      • Erasmus on Scriptural Reform
    • Erasmus’ Influence on the Reformation

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The Reformation
89 - (06-14-2020)
  • Erasmus’ Novum Instrumentum
    • The First Edition (1516)
    • The Second Edition (1519)
    • The Third Edition (1522)
    • The Fourth Edition (1527)
    • The Final Edition (1535)
  • The Reformation
    • A Wild Boar in the Vineyard
    • Martin Luther
      • Young Luther

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90 - (06-21-2020)
  • Martin Luther (continued)
    • Luther Becomes a Monk
    • Luther’s Coworkers at Whittenburg

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91 - (06-28-2020)
  • Martin Luther (continued)
    • Luther’s 95 Theses

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92 - (07-05-2020)
  • Martin Luther (continued)
    • Sola Scriptura
    • Charles V
    • Diet of Worms

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